Nowadays, lithium batteries are more in demand than ever before. These batteries are used in our cell phones, computers, laptops, wireless tools, and electric vehicles. However, just because all the devices mentioned earlier use lithium batteries, this does not mean that they all use one single battery type for every device. Instead, there are six main types of lithium batteries with specific uses.
Batteries with metallic lithium as an anode are known as lithium batteries, though such types may also be referred to as lithium-metal batteries. These batteries are widely used in portable electronic devices or vehicles. The term “lithium battery” generally refers to the family of different lithium-metals, and such devices usually comprise various cathodes and electrolytes with the metallic lithium as an anode. For standard functionality, a lithium battery requires 0.15 kgs to 0.3 kgs of lithium per kWh. According to their design, these primary systems use a charged cathode as an electroactive material which has vacancies that will gradually fill during discharge. Lithium batteries depend on anodes, cathodes, and chemical reactions to store energy, and there are six main types of lithium batteries used for various applications.
Lithium Iron Phosphate
Lithium iron phosphate, also known as LFP batteries, uses phosphate as the cathode and a graphitic carbon electrode for the anode. These batteries have a normal voltage of 3.2 volts and serve for a longer duration with suitable thermal stability. In addition, they are considered durable and safe.
Lithium Cobalt Oxide
Lithium cobalt oxide batteries, also known as LCO batteries, are higher in specific energy and lower in specific power as compared to other options. Due to such characteristics, they are not suitable for high-load applications or devices, but they have a long cycle. Therefore, LCO batteries are used in portable electronic devices such as computers, mobile phones, laptops, etc. However, they are losing popularity due to their high cost and safety concerns.
Lithium Manganese Oxide
Lithium Manganese Oxide or LMO batteries use lithium manganese oxide as the cathode. Such chemistry creates a three-dimensional structure that improves ion flow, thermal stability, and safety. Such batteries are generally used in portable medical equipment, power tools, electric vehicles, etc. These batteries charge quickly, are flexible, and offer better thermal stability than any other batteries.
Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide
Lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide, or simply NMC, batteries are unique because they combine the benefits of three different elements used in the cathode material. Nickel has higher specific energy, but is not stable. On the other hand, manganese is exceptionally stable, but is low in specific energy. However, their combination can produce stable chemistry and high specific energy. As a result, such batteries have higher energy and longer duration, so they are used in power tools and electric vehicles such as e-bikes.
Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminium Oxide
Lithium nickel cobalt aluminium oxide, or NCA, batteries offer a long life cycle with higher energy and decent specific power. Therefore, such batteries can deliver a high current for longer durations. Such batteries can best perform in high-load vehicles, making them the choice of a popular electric vehicle in the market, Tesla.
Lithium titanate, or LTO, batteries use lithium titanate instead of graphite in the anode. Meanwhile, lithium manganese oxide or nickel manganese is used as the cathode material. Such batteries are safe, have a long life cycle, and charge quickly. LTO batteries are mostly suited for electric vehicles, charging stations, solar street lights, aerospace systems, military equipment, etc.
The lithium batteries mentioned above are unique in some contexts, either in terms of stability, chemistry, or cathode material.
As you are now more familiar with lithium batteries and their types, you can choose the lithium battery that suits your application. Budget, safety concerns, and power needs are a few factors that can help you determine which lithium battery is right for you. If you require such batteries or any other aircraft parts, Internet of Purchasing is your reliable and trusted stop. We are one of the best online distributors of aircraft parts. If you have any queries regarding lithium batteries, be sure to contact us as soon as possible.
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